A Brief Study Of British Ethnic Groups

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One of the most dramatic characteristics of the British Population since the bend of the century has been its growing in the figure of its 3rd universe ex-colonial population from negligable proportions to the present clip where colored ethnics account for 5 % of the entire popultion of Britain. Peach, Robinson, Maxted and Chance ( PRMC ) argue that this in-migration can be loosely defined as Irish in the nineteenth, Jewish at the beginning of the 20th century and predominantl West Indian and South Asian in the center of the 20th century. In this essay I hope to place both the Irish and Jewish forms of in-migration and discourse the position that afro-carribeans in Britain face an Irish hereafter, while Asians face a Jewich hereafter. Furthermore I shall be sing the argument about pick and restraint in lodging. From 1901 to 1986 the population of the Uk rose from 38 million to 58 million yet over the same period there was a net migration loss of over 2.3 million. Although this net negative migration balance exists, the in-migration to Britain has been significant over the periiod undeeer consideration. Two general groups of cultural groups may be identified as holding basically different features. The first is the labour migration group, those migrators whose migration was driven by labour deficit in the UK and emplotment deficit at place. This group includes the Irish and

the Afro Carribeans and also the south asians. The second includes those populations whose migration was of refugee in origin. This group includes the Jews and African asians and the Poles, and Vietnamese. I shall first consider the Irish experience. Between 1845 and 1851 the Irish population fell from 8.5 to 6.5 million, this being the result of substantial migration of the Irish population to America and the United Kingdom and the failiure of four years of the Potatoe crop from 1845 to 1848. Irish migration to Britain has occured in two main waves, the first from 1841 to 1861 and the second from 1931 to 1961. It is the second of thesewaves that is of primary concern here. Towards the begginning of the century, Irish migration was greatest to the USA where transport was cheapest and opportunities greatest, yet the 19301s saw an upturn in Irish migration to Britain as the USA imposed immigration restrictions for would be immigrants. Following the second world war Britain experienced enormous labour shortages, especially in the construction industry. From 1951-61 net emigration from Ireland was 409 000, equivalent to one in seven of the Irish population. The primary reason for this was the demand for labour in post war Britain, and push factors such as the mechanistion of agriculture in Ireland. It is here that we can draw the first parrallels with Afro carribean migration to the UK. This too was strongly diven by

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