Absolutism And Louis Xiv Essay, Research Paper
Absolutism and Louis XIV
Louis XIV of France had had both a long and powerful reign on the throne. He was able to accomplish this due to the development of tyranny in France. Absolutism is defined as the political thought that absolute power should be vested in a individual swayer. The whole thought of tyranny originally came from philosopher Jean Bodin in the sixteenth Century. Louis? tyranny developed with four major parts: The genteelness of a strong and controlled military, The edifice of Versailles to command the aristocracy, The merchandising of aristocracy, and The appointed of an adviser.
The first measure to the creative activity of Louis? tyranny was the edifice of the military. Louis made war an activity of the province. He made certain all armed individuals in France fought merely for him. Much of this thought that jurisprudence and force within a state should be monopolized by the lawful male monarch came from Bishop Bossuet. This thought led to domestic peace. Louis besides put the heavy weapon organically into the ground forces, systematized the military rankings and classs, and clarified the concatenation of bid, seting himself at the top. The authorities besides supervised recruiting and took most of the duty for fiting, purveying, vesture, and lodging the military personnels. Louis besides established civilian disposal in military. Under Louis, the ground forces went from about 100,000 soldiers to about 400,000. The military made many additions under Louis, therefore assisting him derive tyranny.
Louis built Versailles as both a relaxing and entertaining topographic point for himself, and to disenable the Lords and derive an border in tyranny. Louis demanded that about half of France? s 10,000 Lords be present at tribunal everyday for? role. ? These 5,00 Lords were those who were thought to
present the most hazard to Louis XIV? s tyranny. Louis reputedly said to these Lords? If I can non see you [ at tribunal ] , you do non exist. ? As a consequence, the Lords spent much clip at Versailles and were unable to acquire into any? political mischievousness? as a consequence. Louis? practical detainment of the nobility helped him derive power.
Louis besides helped himself derive power by selling rubrics of aristocracy. Since Louis had to make full many places within the authorities with Lords, he would frequently utilize work forces whose upper-class position was recent. Such work forces, unlike familial Lords, could draw a bead on to no independent political influence of their ain. The sale of rubrics besides helped Louis derive much needed money for his tapering exchequer.
The adult male most frequently responsible for raising such money was Jean Baptiste Colbert, Louis? Financial Minister. IN the beginning of his reign, Louis was unable to revenue enhancement the Lords while maintaining control of them. As a consequence, he had to happen other ways of deriving money. He raised revenue enhancements to the lower categories, sold patents of aristocracy to bourgeois, and even sold authorities and military places. None of these things worked nevertheless. The inability to revenue enhancement the Lords entirely hurt his command for tyranny. Colbert worked difficult to assist Louis derive money for 20 old ages. The fact that Louis was even able to name an economic adviser without any consent showed Louis? power and tyranny. Though Colbert ne’er did work out France? s economic jobs, his mere assignment asserted the tyranny of Louis XIV.
Louis Fourteen gained his tyranny through strong controlled armed forces, a leashed nobility, his ability to name Lords, and his ability to name an economic adviser. Louis silenced the nobility, parlement, and Estates General during his reign, therefore set uping tyranny.