The universe of Man can non be imagined without motion. Life is indicated by motion. In animal/bird/fish life we can gain that stationariness is impossible. Even those classified as immoveable ( works life ) manifest their life by motion.
The human land isolates itself from other non-human life existences by their capacity to work which is possible merely by directed motions. There is motion in every country of human work-personal attention. attention of the environment. societal behavior. rational work etc. When we consider the Child as portion of the human household we need to see the importance of motion in his Life and Development.
Motion in the human organic structure
In the general development of the human being we can see the function of the encephalon. the senses and the musculuss. Among these the musculuss are the 1s which execute the motions. These motions can be considered as voluntary when they are controlled by the encephalon. This control is made possible by the senses feeding the encephalon or intelligence with the right messages. When these capacities work in co-operation. the last phase remains with the musculuss which make the motions. ‘Movement therefore becomes the last portion that completes the rhythm of thought’ says Dr. Montessori. This co-ordination creates the alone feature of Man viz. WORK possible.
Movement is a manner of human look. Animals excessively express themselves by their motions. Dr. Montessori asks “Can we disregard this fact in Man? ” Movement becomes a system of healthy relationship with Man’s environment ( set up. maintain and reconstruct conditions ) . We see the importance of motion without which no look is possible ( gestural linguistic communication. organic structure linguistic communication. composing. etc ) .
Man’s aspiration at the highest degree is that of religious flawlessness. Dr. Montessori asks “Is that plenty? Can Man be selfish? Does he non go around his experiences and thereby show them? ” Movement should busy the topographic point of a retainer of the whole life and the religious economic system of the universe.
Mental life and development depends really to a great extent on senses–development of address on hearing and observation and understanding depends on the sight. This co-ordination of the encephalon and the senses has to be made in the really get downing. Then and merely so can at that place be any human look.
Dr. Montessori says “Here is a really good ground why Nature keeps the human being really immobile during babyhood ; when the co-ordination starts Nature gives the human being the installation for locomotion” .
In a kid we see movement/work as a manifestation of the development of the head. While he acts on the way of the intelligence there is an extension in the apprehension. Scientific observation shows that intelligence is developed through motion ; motion helps psychic development. Again Movement has a great part to offer in the conquering of linguistic communication which is one of the most cardinal conquerings to be made by the mind of the kid.
When the kid performs work it becomes a co-ordination of the encephalon. senses and musculuss. In Man. the mechanism of grace is non apparent at birth but has to be created by physical experiences working at the environment. done with co-ordination. None of this co-ordination is established at birth. But there is a broad possibility of motions. The assortment of motions is immense-massive to minute ( ballerina–gymnast ) . Dr. Montessori calls it ‘harmonised opposition’ . The kid is endowed with the capacity or potency to organize these motions. Man has a great diverseness in accomplishment in action but must make it by will. subconsciously or voluntarily. The combination of the encephalon. the senses. and the musculuss in coaction with emotional and societal development can take one to what we term ‘grace’ .
The assortment is created by the human being himself and hence he can make up one’s mind which 1s to develop. But there is a monetary value to pay. He has to work at it repeatedly to obtain that versatility. Because of this factor. the capacities vary from individual to individual. This individualism is really easy seen in the human existences. The musculuss are excessively legion for all to be exercised ; but there is a certain figure of exercisings below which it is unsafe for psychical life to travel on. The human being may besides die.
We need to retrieve that. when a individual trains on really big gross motions the head besides remains so. When he works on more refined motions the psychic capacity besides becomes more refined. It has besides been proved that the quality of possible motions of a individual has a close relationship to the quality of mental capacities.
Development of human motion
Man portions the features of mammals by holding four limbs. Mammals develop all the four limbs at the same time and harmonizing to the species the signifier and map vary. They are predetermined. Among the mammals Man is an illustration of developing the limbs two at a clip. The signifier and the maps are different.
Sing the development of the legs and pess we can see them from three different points of position. • Biological – Stand on two pess • Physiological – Balance and walk • Anatomical – Keeping whole pess on the land The legs have a undertaking of deriving and keeping equilibrium. Biological counsel for the development of pess. to set the whole pes down in order to acquire the equilibrium is given by Nature. We can place four stairss in the procedure. Sit—Roll—Stand with support ( Stand without support ) — Walk with aid ( Walk without aid )
The logic of Nature seems to be to stand unsloped. walk and go steady and travel to take portion in the life about. This so is a great accomplishment of independency on the portion of the human being but really predictable.
Walking as a human conquering made by the kid is proclaimed as non merely an accomplishment made at the physical degree but besides as supporter for the most necessary ingredient in human life and development—self assurance and self trust. This is recognised by the modern psychologists. It throws unfastened varied range for mental activities besides.
The other two limbs intending the custodies seem to hold a different method of development. In the history of development we see a great landmark when the pollex starts moving against the fingers and non along the same way as seen in earlier rounds of the ladder of development.
Handss depend. for their development. non merely on the mind but besides on the psychical life of different eras in clip in different racial groups.
Intelligence of the kid will make a certain degree without the usage of the manus. but with it a still higher degree is reached and the kid who has used his custodies constantly has a strong character.
In the individual’s development of custodies we see the effort in grasping and that hold oning made as an knowing motion. • 1st measure – Grasping – grasping instinctive to witting motions • Six months – Intentional motions
• 1st twelvemonth – Hands and pess exercising the upper limit. Making challenges. Imitation of characteristic motions. Making attempts to suit himself for life and independency There is nil biological or physiological in this. Handss can execute an huge assortment of motions. They are non predetermined but depend on the person. Therefore there is every ground to believe that it has something to make with the development of the head. Dr. Montessori would take it even to the psyche or personality. The manus therefore become instruments of acquisition and the assortment in these motions depend on what activities they have chance to execute.
Around the clip the kid is one-and-a-half old ages. the leg motion and the manus motion coordinate. For case. transporting a heavy object. This is another milepost in development. Nature prompts the kid to exercise the maximal attempt.
Dr. Montessori negotiations at length of the survey of history and ancient civilisations being made available to us merely because of the work of custodies which besides reflects the mental tallness of those who created the chef-d’oeuvres. Civilizations—artifacts. historical relics reveal that custodies combined with the emotional lives reveal the quality of the lives of people. Hands seem to hold followed the intelligence. the spirit and the emotions.
Dr. Montessori says “Child’s intelligence can develop to certain degree without the aid of custodies. But it raises to greater highs with manus work. The strength of character becomes conspicuously stronger. ”
Dr. Montessori would cheer us about the misconception with respect to human motion. “Educational theory thinks that people have to sit still for rational activity. ” Therefore educationalists try to divide motion from idea. This even leads to jumping mental and physical activities in schools.
Montessori refers to it as the co-ordinated work of the ruddy and the white adult male as an intimate mutual relationship. The ruddy adult male indicates the circulatory system and the white adult male refers to the neuro-muscular system. Maturation is a great factor in this development.
The Senses gather cognition for the intelligence and the intelligence together with the Will carries on the work with the aid of the musculuss. Separation of motion and idea is deleterious to development. To see beef uping the muscular capacity entirely as a agency of beef uping the build can be damaging. It would be like doing a prince ( muscular system ) live like a slave to a shepherd ( mere vegetative life—for making appetency or beef uping the lungs ) . It must go a conducive factor to mental development. Finally it should take to emotional and religious enrichment.
Some ideas about laterality: Handedness means prevailing usage of one manus. Two factors determine the ‘handedness’–the penchant for one manus as compared to the other. the proficiency or accomplishment with which the manus can be used.
Surveies of laterality has shown that at birth the kid is two-handed Earlier it was believed that the kid was born either right or left handed. It has been proved otherwise. During the first twelvemonth of life the kid uses both custodies without any peculiar penchant. In the 2nd twelvemonth use of left and right is done switching as the necessity occurs—for case the propinquity or the angle in which an activity has to be performed. Between two-and-a-half and three-and-a-half old ages the kid is two-handed utilizing both custodies with equal proficiency and frequence. The bilateralism is really marked at this phase. From the age of four to six old ages at that place is a penchant to unilaterality or a prevailing penchant to utilizing one or the other manus. Such penchant can be observed in the velocity. truth. strength and steadiness in the motions.