& # 8217 ; s Trag Essay, Research Paper
Othello, by William Shakespeare, is Othello s calamity but Iago s drama because Iago is the 1 who is invariably commanding the action. Iago manipulates state of affairss in his favour by talking straight to the audience. This allows Iago to demo the audience his point of position on all affairs refering the drama and writhe their construct of him in his favour. Iago simply displays his manipulative character in converting us that he is no scoundrel and is justified in his actions against the other characters in the drama. On the other manus, Othello about ne’er breaks the 4th wall and hence can non flex the audience in his favour as Iago does. Othello displays his character alternatively of seeking to win us over in his addresss to the audience. Iago is besides in about every scene of the drama at one point and interacts with the people in that scene. The interactions develop Iago s character even more. Othello remains out of the action in most scenes and lacks the character interaction that develops Iago s character. These two facts mean that the camera is centered much more around Iago than it is Othello, doing it Iago s drama.
Iago breaks the 4th wall to talk to the audience more than anyone in the drama. Iago controls the drama through his addresss to the audience. He manipulates state of affairss to do himself look less nefarious. One such state of affairs where he tries to pull strings the audience is when, after giving Cassio the advice to travel to Desdemona to acquire back in Othello s good graces, he states, And what s he, so, that says & # 8230 ; To win the Moor once more? ( p. 103, lines 356-359 ) Iago makes himself seem like a friend to Cassio in the address. He says that this advice is free I give and honest. He hints to the audience that he does nil incorrect. The facts he states are true, but it is how the other people interpret them that causes the struggles of the drama. He is seeking to acquire on the audience s good side with the address and warrant what he says to Cassio as good. Such use makes the play thin towards being Iago s because he makes the audience think what he wants them to believe.
This address besides allows us to acquire a existent sense of Iago s character. Possibly he is merely seeking to salvage his ain tegument, but the fact that he tries to ground with the audience and supports his statements with facts points more to the thought that he truly believes his actions are non evil. Othello ne’er gives addresss seeking convince the audience of anything. Iago s addresss to the audience manipulate us in his favour. This gives him sphere over the drama because he controls us.
When Iago opens up to the audience to explicate his secret plan, he allows the audience into his caput. These addresss besides allow Iago to explicate how his programs developed in the past scene. Such actions allow the audience to acquire an inside path on what is traveling to go on in the drama because Iago foreshadows what happens subsequently in the drama during these addresss. Iago opens up his caput for us when in Act Two, scene one he states, He takes her by the thenar & # 8230 ; Would they were clyster pipes for your interest. ( page 71-73, lines 182-192 ) Iago informs the audience about what he is believing about what is go oning. He discusses his program to entrap as great a fly as Cassio. He mentions thine ain wooing mentioning to the relationship between Desdemona and Cassio. IN stating this, he indicates that Cassio is wooing Desdemona who is married to Othello. This hints us towards believing that Iago will writhe this state of affairs about to convey Cassio down. This opens up Iago s head to the audience and allows him to associate to us. Again, this gives him control over us and therefore the drama.
Iago is in the bulk of the scenes of Othello. Being in the scenes allows him to interact with other people in the drama and develop his character straight through these interactions. On the other manus, the defining of Othello s character happens through other people discoursing his traits and character. In fact, we are foremost introduced to Othello in the first scene of the first act by Iago, Roderigo, and Barbantio speaking about him. Throughout this scene, the audience learns about Othello without even seeing him yet. Iago s function in this scene gives the audience a good foundation for his character. He states, I am non what I am. ( page 11, line 71 ) Iago is blatantly stating Roderigo that he is non a trusty individual. In this interaction with Roderigo, Iago s character comes away while Othello s true character is shadowed behind the prejudices that Iago, Roderigo, and Barbantio bear towards him. In the undermentioned scenes when Othello introduces himself, we get a sense of his character traits. He seems honest, swearing, and holds many other good traits. However, these traits don t base throughout the drama. Iago breaks them down. So, we come to oppugn these original features as true or non.
This drama is Othello s calamity, because he fits into the definition of a calamity. The American Heritage Dictionary defines a calamity as A play or literary work in which the chief characte
R is brought to destroy or suffers utmost sorrow, particularly as a effect of a tragic defect, a moral failing, or an inability to get by with unfavourable fortunes. Interrupting down this definition, Othello fits into the description about absolutely. He is brought to destroy and suffers extreme sorrow by the terminal of the drama chiefly through all the personal, emotional, and physical losingss he suffers. At the beginning of the drama, he has everything a adult male could desire: He has a married woman and a good repute that gets him the regard of many Venetians. By the terminal of the drama, he has lost his married woman, repute, saneness, and eventually, life. The first act demonstrates the regard that Othello gets from the Venetians, specifically from the Senators. The Senators and Othello s comrades frequently refer to him as the brave or valorous Othello. Besides, when the Duke is directing couriers for him, Cassio describes it as, The galleys have a twelve sequent couriers this really dark at one another s heels…When, being non at your lodging to be found, The Senate hath sent about three several pursuits to seek you out. ( page 23, lines 47-55 ) Cassio describes the hunt for Othello as really frenetic. This type of frenetic hunt must intend that Othello is an of import adult male in the society. This all begins to alter.
Othello gives us intimations of how his ruin will come approximately. Characteristics appear as the drama develops that relate to his eventual ruin. Othello says himself that My blood begins my safer ushers to govern, And passion, holding my best opinion colied, Assays to take the manner. ( page 95, lines 219-221 ) He is stating that his passion and blood can overturn him and do him make things he wouldn t usually do. This passion comes from within Othello and adds to the calamity of the drama because these feelings are the type of things that Othello has been maintaining inside all this clip in order to raise himself in society. It besides adds to how Othello fits into the definition of a calamity. The definition of calamity is extended by stating that the drama can be more of a calamity if it comes approximately by a tragic defect, a moral failing. Othello s tragic defect or moral failing is the passion and blood holding the ability to overturn his better opinion.
Othello becomes less and less of the great human being he was built up to be at the beginning of the drama. The audience sees him easy convinced by Iago of Desdemona s unfaithfulnesss. The great Othello from the beginning of the drama seemed to be smarter than this. He seemed to be above all intuition, yet after one conversation with Iago, he is about wholly positive that Desdemona is a prostitute. Othello confesses his love for Desdemona at the beginning of this conversation when he states, But I do love thee! And when I love thee non, Chaos come once more. ( page 123, lines 101-102 ) Othello admits to his true love for Desdemona here by stating, I do love thee, but he besides foreshadows events to come. Othello ends up non loving Desdemona and so Chaos come once more when he murders Desdemona and commits suicide. This complete weakness on Othello s portion when he doesn t love Desdemona adds to the tragic elements of the drama. We begin to see this alteration to detest of Desdemona about right after Othello states that he does love her. He says Damn her, obscene coquette! O, damn her, damn her! ( pages 151, lines 541-542 ) Othello s feelings have been wholly turned around from a true love of Desdemona to an absolute hatred of Desdemona. This alteration makes the drama even more tragic.
Othello finally becomes the antithesis of what he was at the beginning. Othello s passion eventually overrules his better opinion, and he gets into a covetous fury. He even stoops so low as to strike Desdemona, something he would ne’er woolgather of making when he was doing his suit to the Duke at the beginning of the drama. Othello displays his complete loss of control when he kills Desdemona. He is so blinded by green-eyed monster and fury that he doesn t even listen to her plead for her life.
The whole alteration that Othello goes through, from good to evil, is made more tragic by the fact that this alteration came from bad traits that Othello had been maintaining inside him. These bad traits are the features of a traditional Moor in most Victorian dramas. Moors are characteristically the scoundrels of the drama. This is precisely what Othello is non at the beginning of the drama. As the drama progresses, we see him steal more and more into this stereotype. Othello s autumn into the stereotyped more is tragic because he worked so difficult to construct himself above these stereotypes.
Othello being Iago s drama, but Othello s calamity, strays from the conventional drama expression merely as Othello the character strays from the conventional Moor features. In most dramas, the chief character is the 1 who is in control of the action every bit good as, if it s a calamity, the tragic things happen to the same character. The fact that William Shakespeare strayed from the conventional calamity expression for a drama meant that he could besides roll from other conventional thoughts.