Introduction 1Globalization has contributed to making new chances and new positions. The world’s states and citizens are bound together by a common fate and this is act uponing student migration. There has been a uninterrupted addition in the figure of pupils analyzing abroad. I have chosen to analyze the current state of affairs of pupil migration and the Scottish university system. The international pupils analyzing abroad are financially good as they spend money in the local economic system. do minimal demands on public services and pay rent etc.
However. what other chances and concerns do the pupils bring with them? Taking these considerations into history. my job statement is: Problem statement Describe the current state of affairs of international pupil migration and the tuition fees in Scotland. Discuss the economic policies that the host-country and send-off state could utilize in order to procure and protect them from pupil migration. Analyse the cultural factors that student migration brings and which chances and concerns they pertain. Methodology In the outline I will do usage of the methodological analysis of International Economics A and English A.
I will utilize the economic theory and its constructs. particularly economic policies. to find the economic and societal consequences of different political determinations. Furthermore. English will lend with a cultural analysis. It will therefor be relevant for me to utilize Hofstede’s cultural theory. and use it accordance with Scotland and China. The two topics will assist to acquire a better apprehension of pupil migration and give the outline a farther dept. It will besides give me the chance to see how large cultural alterations pupil migration brings.
The current state of affairs of international pupil migration and the tuition fees in Scotland 2In respects to international pupils Scotland has more than 40. 000 international pupils from 180 states each twelvemonth. In 2013 the UK authorities made new in-migration regulations. which made international pupils welcomer. Scotland is known for holding a diverse and high instruction sector and 3the figure of pupils analyzing in Scotland is continuously increasing. Scotland wishes to do it even more attractive for pupils to analyze and work at that place. which can better fight within UK.
4 When pupils choose to analyze in Scotland. they will necessitate to see the tuition fees before using for a university. Nationality and resident determine the degree of tuition fees. European Union undergraduate pupils will be eligible to hold the fees paid by the Scots authorities. while international pupils will frequently hold higher fees and can therefor use for a scholarship. Economic policies: In respect to student migration As a consequence of restrictions one must presume that the send-off state desire to maintain the pupils once they are finished with their surveies. so they can lend to the economic system and culturally.
One must besides presume that the send-off state will waver to direct pupils abroad. or press the international pupils to come back place. to lend to their resident state with the given cognition. Because of pupil migration. states can be more open to foreign influences and alterations in the economic environment 5i. e. if the state in which the pupil has studied does non profit from it at all. and the pupil decides to return place. besides called encephalon drain. It is of import to understand that this is all two sided. In this outline it will be a single-role state. but in existent life it can non be like this.
Another of import consideration is the steadiness and dependability in the host-country. as the authorities will alter during the educational period. Furthermore. in the Scottish personal businesss commission contents. it says: “International pupils provide of import fiscal support to both the university sector and to the wider economic system of Scotland. They besides contribute culturally to the universities and communities where they study. and can move as embassadors for Scotland on return to their place state. They make an overpoweringly positive part to Scottish society. ” 6.
7The parliament desires to hold more international pupils. because it can assist their economic system after the recession and particularly since Scotland is in demand of skilled technicians. directors and applied scientists to make full the hereafter calling chances in spread outing industries such as life scientific disciplines. touristry and energy. Economic policies in the send-off state There are a few economic policies. which could be both good for the send-off state. but besides have some effects. 1. Support pupils to analyze abroad and press them to return: – Students would derive of import cognition and have a competitory advantage.
– Identification with national development and growing. – A labour market policy to profit exiles returning place. – Besides. back up pupil migration to profit the state in the terminal. Consequences: The migrated pupil could hold better chances in other states. and therefor non migrate back to the resident state. and the state would lose some of the competitory advantage. 2. Government could better the educational system within the state: – Urge pupils to analyze within the state. and thereby bettering the system and fight.
– Cooperate with other states. so the pupils have the chance to read a semester or two abroad and thereby make consciousness of other civilizations and international economic system. Consequences: The bon voyage states could lose out on a planetary mentality and cognition spill. Economic policies in the host state After a batch of research it would of class be relevant to advert some economic policies in the host-countries. which I believe could be really good. but besides have some effects. 1. Attracting more international pupils – It could take down entry barriers i. e. pupil fees. university fees and recognition transportation.
More pupils would hold the chance to analyze abroad. – Skilled and educated pupils. when they have finished their instruction. – Improve and beef up the instruction system. Consequences: It could be harder for local pupils to come in universities in the host-countries. as international pupils could take a batch of the university musca volitanss. It is of import to hold a balance between domestic and international pupils. 2. Promote international pupils to remain – Improve the migration policy. – Ensure the pupils to hold the chance to acquire a occupation afterwards – or an internship.
– Improvement of international fight. Consequences: After the recession in Europe and other topographic points. it could be difficult for the host state to guarantee pupils to acquire a occupation. and it would coerce them to return place or migrate to another state. Furthermore. in todays society there are a greater demand on knowing people. and it would be difficult competition between different markets/countries. Cultural factors 8To make a thorough analysis of the cultural factors. utilizing Geert Hofstede’s cultural theory. I am traveling to compare UK to China. as Scotland receives most of their international pupils from China.
9Looking at power distance. UK is ranked really low. as they believe that inequality should be minimised. However. China is in the higher rankings of power distance. and believes that inequality is acceptable. and power maltreatments by higher-ups are equal. Their high power distance besides indicates Bolshevism. Furthermore. the two states are really different in dealingss of long-run orientation. UK finds it acceptable to take one twenty-four hours at a clip. whereas China is a extremely long-run oriented society in which continuity and doggedness are normal.
There are many cultural differences when analyzing abroad in this facet. Once the survey is finished. the pupils must see whether to remain or return place. One of the cultural factors that are of import in the pick of returning to your place state is the sense of patriotism and personal dealingss to the state i. e. friends and web. When sing Chinese pupils. it would be really normal to return to the place state one time the survey has been completed. as they frequently have a sense of responsibility to their state.
There are a batch of positive cultural affects of pupil migration from China. as they can larn UK more about efficiency and Bolshevism. One must besides see the negative cultural affects it might convey. If sufficient pupils with a unstable clip civilization were to analyze in Scotland. who has a stiff civilization. these students’ perceptual experience of clip might be act uponing the Scots civilization. Conclusion International pupils contribute a batch to Scotland. Scotland receives great diverseness in the society and gets rich chance to derive cognition about international fight.
Economically international pupils are a approval. but one must retrieve that by holding a high figure of international pupils. Scotland besides becomes more open to foreign influences and macro-economic alterations. When sing the economic factors. it is of import to retrieve that it is all two sided. Host states like Scotland should promote pupils to remain after finishing the surveies. or advance them to come back subsequently on. but it could besides ache the local pupils fight by holding excessively many international pupils. and that is besides really hazardous.
Furthermore. bon voyage states could better their instruction system and quality. and supply international surveies for the pupils. On the other manus they could promote pupils to analyze in other states. and give them more chances afterwards to do them come back. Culturally. Scotland receives pupils from states with immense differences. including high power distance. which has both positive and negative affects. Cultural jobs could look when opposing cultural individualities. with conflicting beliefs and values were to analyze in Scotland. and where many would hold the impulse to protect the Scots national individuality.
I believe that a planetary mentality is of import. and that it is of import to promote international pupils to analyze abroad. as we can larn a batch from each other. Aspects to be elaborated on at the unwritten test – Cultural comparing to other states – Why do pupils take to analyze abroad? Contemplation of methodological analysis I have chiefly used official beginnings. either from the Scots parliament or other governmental web sites. Furthermore. I have used credited newspapers. and the day of the month should non be dated further back than 2010. None of my beginnings contradict each other. but I find some of them really bias.
Due to the outline restrictions it has been hard to cover parts of my job statement wholly. but I acknowledge that it would hold been interesting to do a deeper analysis of pupil migration to Scotland. Particularly the cultural analysis would hold been singular to look into further. Overall. it has been instead hard to happen utile beginnings for some parts of my analysis. Contemplation of the procedure The procedure of working with DIO has been exciting. The two hebdomads of information and group work gave me a batch of thoughts and new ideas about the chosen topic.
The information we were given was really utile and I learned a batch of new footings. which has been really of import for my outline. I rapidly chose two topics in one of the first yearss of the procedure. I desired to compose about a subject. which I am traveling to associate to in the beginning of the summer 2014. as I am traveling to analyze in Australia. Furthermore. I have been given really good aid from my instructors. as they have been giving me some interesting thoughts and footings for my outline. and it made the on the job procedure a batch easier for me. Overall. the on the job procedure for me has been really efficient.
I chose to get down early Wednesday forenoon and worked intensively until the eventide. It has been instead hard for some hours. but because of the good counsel I received from my instructors. it succeeded in the terminal. After this procedure. I feel more confident in the two topics and I got to see international economic sciences from another position. Bibliography Secondary beginnings: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. denstoredanske. dk/Samfund. _jura_og_politik/Okonomi/Udviklingsokonomi/globalisering Title: Globalisering Sender: Den shop danske. 2010. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. Scotland. org/study-in-scotland/fees-and-funding
Title: Survey in Scotland Sender: Scots authorities. 2013. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. telegraph. co. uk/news/uknews/scotland/8478223/Scottish-immigration-at-record-levels. html Title: Scots in-migration at record degrees Sender: The telegraph. 2011. hypertext transfer protocol: //monitor. icef. com/2013/10/uks-new-immigration-rules-signal-more-welcoming-approach-to-international-students/ Title: UK’s new in-migration regulations Sender: ICEF proctor. 2013. hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Brain_drain Title: Brain drain Sender: Wikipedia. 2013. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. publications. parliament.
uk/pa/cm201012/cmselect/cmscotaf/912/91204. htm Title: Student in-migration to Scotland Sender: UK parliament. 2011. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. ukces. org. uk/publications/ambition2020-scotland Title: Towards Ambition 2020: accomplishments. occupations. and growing for Scotland. Sender: UK committee for employment and accomplishments. 2010. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. rebe. rau. ro/RePEc/rau/journl/SP08/REBE-SP08-A3. pdf Title: Cultural diverseness in Business environment Primary beginnings: hypertext transfer protocol: //geert-hofstede. com/united-kingdom. html Title: United Kingdom in comparing to China Sender: The Hofstede Centre Appendix 1.