Ulysses S. Grant Essay, Research Paper
Ulysses S. Grant rose to command all the Federal ground forcess in the Civil War and lead
them to triumph. He was respected so much that he went on to be president of the United
States for two footings. His clip of glorification didn & # 8217 ; t last everlastingly though, he developed malignant neoplastic disease and
Ulysses Hiram Grant was born April 27, 1822, in a two room frame house
at Point Pleasant, Ohio ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) . His male parent, Jesse Root Grant, was foreman in
a tannery and a husbandman. His female parent, Hannah Simpson Grant, was a difficult working frontier
adult female. When Ulysses was a twelvemonth old, the household moved to Georgetown. There his male parent
bought a farm, built a house, and set up his ain tannery. Jesse and Hannah had five more
kids at that place, two male childs and three misss ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) .
Grant love Equus caballuss and learned to pull off them at an early age. When he was seven
or eight he could drive a squad and began haling all the wood used in the house and stores.
From that point on until he reached 17, Grant did all the work done with Equus caballuss ;
such as interrupting up the land, ruting, ploughing maize, conveying in the harvests when
harvested, and haling wood ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) . Three months each winter when work
was minimized Grant went to a one room schoolhouse, and that & # 8217 ; s how he was educated
until he went to West Point at age 17.
When Grant turned 17, his male parent got him an assignment to the United
States Military Academy at West Point. The congresswoman who made the assignment did
non cognize Grants & # 8217 ; full name, so he left out Hiram and added Simpson. Simpson, was
Grants & # 8217 ; , female parents & # 8217 ; maiden name ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) . He was pleased with his new name
because he disliked his old initials H.U.G.
Cadet Grant did non care for military life and ne’er expected to remain in the ground forces.
He was good in mathematics and hoped sometime to learn it. In other topics he was
approximately norm. He was, nevertheless, the finest equestrian at the academy. Quiet and diffident, he
made few friends ( The Civil War ) .
When he was commissioned, Ulysses was ordered to Jefferson Barracks, near St.
Louis, Missouri. While stationed there he met Julia Dent, girl of a slave owning
Southern household ( Ulysses S. Grant 2 ) . Within three months he proposed to her and was
accepted. Since he had merely his wage as lieutenant, the nuptials was postponed ( Ulysses S.
Grant 2 ) .
Grant was in about every conflict of the Mexican War. He fought on pes,
detecting many different commanding officers and how they lead their military personnels. This experience, he
said, was of great value to him, because he became acquainted with about all the officers
of the regular ground forces. Some of them including the great soldier Robert E. Lee were to be on
the Confederate side in the Civil War ( Krick 15 ) .
Grant came back from Mexico a captain, with favourable reference. He at one time
married Julia and took her to his new station, Sackett & # 8217 ; s Harbor, New York. During the
Mexican War Grant formed the wont of imbibing. At Sackett & # 8217 ; s Harbor he joined a
moderation society, but he forgot the pledge the following twelvemonth when he was sent to
Detroit ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) .
In 1852 Grant? s regiment was ordered to the Pacific seashore by manner of the Isthmus of
Panama. Mrs. Grant stayed with her parents because she didn? T want to take their two twelvemonth
old kid on a trip like that. Cholera attacked the regiment in Panama. Grant showed great
leading and resourcefulness in acquiring the mules to transport the hallucinating work forces across the
isthmus ( Krick 16 ) . He kept his cool and showed how he could take work forces when times got
Grant spent two old ages on the Pacific seashore. He missed Julia and wasn? T at that place when
his 2nd kid was born. He turned once more to imbibe and have on slovenly uniforms. His
colonel asked for his surrender, and Grant borrowed money to return place ( Ulysses S.
Grant2 ) .
Julia? s male parent gave Grant 80 estates to farm, close St. Louis. Grant called the topographic point
Hardscrabble ( Ulysses S. Grant2 ) . He cleared the land, built a log cabin, and worked difficult
but could non do agrarian wage. Two more kids were born and Grant couldn? T
back up his household. Grant sold his stock and implements and turned to selling existent estate in
St. Louis. He failed once more and walked the streets looking for something to make. Finally his
male parent persuaded his younger boies to take Grant into their leather concern at Galena,
Illinois. Grant worked as a clerk, selling fells to saddle shapers and setts. When the
Civil War broke out he was 39 old ages old and was by and large regarded as a failure ( Ulysses S.
Grant 1 ) .
After Fort Sumter was fired on April 12, 1861, President Lincoln issued a call to
weaponries ( The Civil War ) . Within two hebdomads Grant was boring voluntaries in Galena, because,
as he said, there was no 1 else to make the occupation. He went with the voluntaries to Springfield,
Illinois, have oning his threadbare citizen & # 8217 ; s apparels ( The Civil War ) .
At Springfield, the governor made him foremost a clerk, so a rallying officer. When
the assemblage was completed Grant left. A few hebdomads subsequently the governor telegraphed him to
come back and accept the rank of colonel because the work forces he had recruited had asked for
him. Military officers were expected to provide their ain uniform and Equus caballus, but Grant didn & # 8217 ; Ts have
either one. Still, he enforced subject on the unsmooth farm young persons and in a month had a
trained regiment ( The Civil War ) . He marched his work forces into Missouri, and in St. Louis he
read in a newspaper that he had been made a brigadier general of voluntaries.
Grant reached his central office at Cairo, Illinois, September 4, 1861 ( Ulysses S.
Grant 1 ) . Two yearss subsequently, without firing a shooting, he occupied Paducah, Kentucky. In
November his altogether recruits made an unsuccessful onslaught on a Confederate cantonment at
Belmont, Missouri. Grant so set to work to fix his work forces for a long, difficult battle.
Volunteers poured in until he had about 20,000 work forces ( The Civil War ) .
In February 1862 Grant advanced into Tennessee. With the assistance of Commodore
Foote & # 8217 ; s gunboats, he captured Fort Henry on the Tennessee River ( The Civil War ) . Then he
moved against the more formidable Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland River. While he
was occupying this garrison, the Confederate general, Simon B. Buckner asked for a armistice. This
was the same officer who in had loaned Grant money to rejoin his household in 1858 ( Ulysses
S. Grant 2 ) . Grant & # 8217 ; s reply became celebrated in American history: & # 8220 ; No footings except an
unconditioned and immediate resignation can be accepted. I propose to travel instantly
upon your plants & # 8221 ; ( The Civil War ) . Buckner surrendered the garrison with 14,000 captives.
Newspapers in the North were filled with congratulations of & # 8220 ; Unconditional Surrender & # 8221 ; ( Ulysses S
Grant 2 ) . Lincoln named him a major general.
The aim of the run in the West was to cut the Confederacy in two by
winning the Mississippi Valley. The first major success came during1862 in the conflict of
Shiloh in southern Tennessee. In two yearss of despairing combat, Grant pushed the
Confederate forces back to Corinth in Mississippi ( The Civil War ) .
Losingss on both sides were heavy. Grant was badly criticized for his behavior in
this conflict because he had failed to expect an onslaught by the enemy, but President Lincoln
said, & # 8220 ; I can & # 8217 ; t save this adult male & # 8211 ; he fights & # 8221 ; ( The Civil War ) . Grant made no alibis but spent
the remainder of 1862 doing programs to take Vicksburg, the fastness on the Mississippi River
that served as a major transit point for the Confederacy.
Vicksburg was a superb operation and showed Grant at his best. The garrison
surrendered unconditionally on July 4, 1863, a twenty-four hours after the conflict of Gettysburg ( The Civil
War ) . Five yearss subsequently Port Hudson fell. Grant & # 8217 ; s boy Frederick, 13 old ages old, was with him
in the Vicksburg run. Fredrick said, & # 8220 ; He looked out for himself in every
conflict & # 8221 ; ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) .
As a wages for his triumph at Vicksburg, Grant was given supreme bid of all
the ground forcess in the West ( The Civil War ) . When he returned to Tennessee, he set out to
alleviate a Federal ground forces penned up in Chattanooga. The Confederates occupied Lookout
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, those two locations were the lone things in the manner
nearing the metropolis. On November 24 and 25, the Federal military personnels stormed the
the Confederates fled into Georgia ( Ulysses S. Grant 2 ) . All Tennessee was now captured,
and the power of the Confederacy was efficaciously broken.
In the concluding conflict of the Civil War, Grant found himself up against Robert E. Lee.
Lee was the lone general left in the South who had a opportunity of crushing Grant and the
North. With military personnels outnumbering Lee & # 8217 ; s two to one, Grant sought out to destruct the
Southern ground forces. Grant & # 8217 ; s scheme was merely to direct all his work forces into conflict at one time, ne’er
allowing them rest until triumph prevailed. Lee saw that Grant wouldn & # 8217 ; t back down, so he
surrendered in order to salvage lives of the all ready bloody-minded war ( Krick 26 ) .
Grant went to Washington to disband the ground forces. In April 1866 Congress revived for
him the rank of full general, a rubric non used since George Washington had held it ( The Civil
War ) . The wage gave Grant fiscal security, and he became a familiar figure in the streets
in his visible radiation roadster, driving a spirited Equus caballus. Gifts were showered on him. Galena and
Philadelphia both presented houses to him. New York City gave him $ 100,000 ( Ulysses S.
Grant 1 ) .
Grant had ne’er been interested in political relations and belonged to no political party.
President Johnson hoped to set through Lincoln & # 8217 ; s mild program of & # 8220 ; retracing & # 8221 ; the
seceded provinces ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) . The Extremist Republicans in Congress demanded a
harsh policy. Johnson hoped to hold Grant & # 8217 ; s support, but Grant quarreled with him and
was won over by the Groups.
While the Senate was impeaching Johnson, the Republican convention in Chicago
nem con nominated Grant for president, with Schuyler Colfax of Indiana for vice-
president. Grant received 214 electoral ballots as against 80 for the Democratic campaigner,
Horatio Seymour ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) . Grant received great support from the black people
in the Southern provinces.
Grant moved into the White House with Julia and his beautiful girl Nellie. His
boies were besides at that place from clip to clip, and his old male parent, now a postmaster in Covington,
Kentucky, made brief visits. Grant & # 8217 ; s brothers stayed with their concern and were excessively busy
to see him ( Ulysses S. Grant 2 ) .
Serious jobs confronted the state. The war had brought poorness and
devastation to the South, but it brought the North prosperity. There was widespread
corruptness in both political and concern life. Grant & # 8217 ; s presidential term contributed to corruptness
in political relations.
In 1869 two speculators, Jay Gould and James Fisk, attempted to corner gold and
brought force per unit area on Grant to maintain the United States exchequer from selling it ( Ulysses S.
Grant 1 ) . Foreign trade was about stopped. On Black Friday, September. 24, 1869, the
United States exchequer, with Grant & # 8217 ; s blessing, all of a sudden put 4 million dollars in gold up for
sale ( Ulysses S. Grant 2 ) . The monetary value plunged, doing the ruin of many speculators.
In 1870, the Radical Republicans hoped to derive Black ballots in the South by adding
the 15th Amendment to the Constitution, which states that & # 8220 ; the right of citizens of the
United States to vote shall non be denied or abridged & # 8230 ; on history of race, colour, or
old status of servitude & # 8221 ; ( Ulysses S. Grant ) . The immediate consequence of the
amendment was an addition of terroristic Acts of the Apostless against Blacks to forestall their vote.
Led by Carl Schurz and other reformists, a group in the Republican party set out to
licking Grant for reelection. They organized the Broad Republican party, which called for
civil service reform, an terminal to corruptness in authorities, and the backdown of military personnels
from the South ( The Civil War ) . The Democratic party joined with them in back uping
Horace Greeley, laminitis of the New York Tribune, for the presidential term. The regular
Republicans, renominated Grant. Grant received 286 electoral ballots ( Ulysses S. Grant 2 ) .
Greeley died shortly after the election, and his 63 electoral ballots were divided among other
campaigners ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) .
Grant & # 8217 ; s popularity declined as grounds of serious political corruptness came to visible radiation.
The authorities had given money and land grants to the new railroads in the West. In 1873
it was found that certain members of Congress had been bribed to vote in the involvements of
the Union Pacific Railroad ( Krick 32 ) . The payoffs were in the signifier of stock in a railroad
building company, the Credit Mobilier. In 1874 the Whiskey Ring dirt was
uncovered. The ring was a combination of distillers and revenue enhancement officers who defrauded the
exchequer of the gross revenue enhancement on whisky ( Ulysses S. Grant 2 ) . Grant was non personally
implicated in the dirts, but he gave assignments to unfit people and stood by them
after they had been shown to be dishonest.
The wartime roar ended with the great terror of 1873. Five old ages of difficult times
followed. Businessmens urged the authorities to return to a sound currency and call in the
& # 8220 ; bills & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; paper money issued during the Civil War. The bills were non based
on gold or Ag in the exchequer and had therefore declined in value, doing a steep rise in
monetary values ( The Civil War ) . Grant vetoed a measure naming for more paper currency. In 1875 he
signed the Specie Resumption Act, which made bills redeemable in gold or Ag
coin ( Ulysses S Grant 1 ) .
Grant reluctantly announced that he would non be a campaigner for a 3rd term
because he knew that the dirts of his disposal had turned the electors against him.
Both the Republicans and the Democrats nominated & # 8220 ; reform & # 8221 ; campaigners ( Ulysses S. Grant
2 ) . The election was so close that the consequences were disputed until March 2, when a
Congressional commission decided in favour of Rutherford B. Hayes.
For the following two old ages Grant, with his married woman and boy Jesse, toured Europe and Asia.
He returned place with many gifts, but his money was about gone. In 1880 the
Republicans tried to hold him nominated for a 3rd term, but the Democrats prevailed and
nominated James A. Garfield ( Ulysses S. Grant 2 ) . Grant, nevertheless, was still the people & # 8217 ; s
hero, and his friends raised a big fund for him by popular subscription. Grant went to
New York City and bought a house with the money.
Grant & # 8217 ; s kids had become grownups and been successful in populating their lives. Nellie,
had been married at the White House to a affluent Englishman. Frederick was a lieutenant
colonel in the ground forces, Jesse was a attorney, and Ulysses, Jr. , was in a Wall Street securities firm
house, Grant and Ward ( Ulysses S. Grant 2 ) .
Grant foolishly invested all his money in Grant and Ward. He paid no attending to
its operations, and his boy seemingly knew small about the concern. Ferdinand Ward was
a dishonest speculator. The house crashed in 1884 and left Grant penniless and
humiliated ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) . Ward was sent to the province penitentiary.
To gain money, Grant turned to composing. Samuel L. Clemens, better known as
Mark Twain, was so a subscription book publishing house. He offered Grant a high royalty for
his memoirs, and in 1885 Grant began to order them ( Ulysses S. Grant 1 ) . A hurting in his
pharynx was eventually diagnosed as malignant neoplastic disease, but Grant went on, composing with a pen, to supply
for his married woman after he was gone.
In the summer of 1885 Mrs. Grant took her hubby to the Adirondacks near
Saratoga. There he finished his `Personal Memoirs & # 8217 ; about a hebdomad before he died on July
23 ( Krick 12 ) . Written honestly, the work ranks high among military lifes. It was so
popular that Mrs. Grant received about $ 450,000 from its sale ( Krick 12 ) . A granite grave
to Grant & # 8217 ; s memory was built on Riverside Drive in New York City, in 1959 it became a
national commemoration ( Krick 45 ) .
Grant & # 8217 ; s life was like a roller coster, in the beginning he started low and was
regarded as a failure. He worked his manner to the top, became the most esteemed general in
the U.S. , and was elected President of the United States. Then all of a sudden his life went
downhill, his house crashed, he developed malignant neoplastic disease and died insolvents.
The Civil War. Videocassettes. PBS. PBS Documentary, day of the month unknown. 6 hours
Krick, Robert. Civil War Chronicles. 1994, 64 pages
& # 8220 ; Ulysses S. Grant. & # 8221 ; Compton & # 8217 ; s Multimedia Encyclopedia. Compton & # 8217 ; s. Newsmedia, Inc. ,
1994 ( 1 )
& # 8220 ; Ulysses S. Grant. & # 8221 ; Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc.
1994 ( 2 )