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The Dead Sea Scrolls are paperss of great historical and scholarly value, found in 1947 and subsequently in caves above the North West Dead Sea. Archeologists have shown that the coils stored in jars in the first cave at QUMRAN were written or copied between the first century B.C. and the first half of the first century A.D. Chief among the coils are two transcripts of the Book of Isaiah, about 1,000 old ages older than any Hebrew scriptural manuscript antecedently known. Another of import coil was the alleged Manual of Discipline for an ascetic community, which has been identified with both the ruins at nearby QUMRAN and the Essenes, a Judaic spiritual religious order populating an ascetic communal agricultural life in that part between the second century B.C. and second century A.D. Parallels between the Qumran coils and the New Testament have led some bookmans to propose a tie between the Essenes and the early Christians, including the much-disputed suggestion that Jesus and John the Baptist may hold The Dead been Essenes. More recent work by other archeologists and scriptural bookmans has questioned the association of the coils with the Qumran ruins and the Essenes.

Here are some facts about the the Dea Sea Scrolls: The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in 11 caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea between the old ages 1947 and 1956. The country is 13 stat mis east of Jerusalem and is 1300 pess below sea degree. The largely disconnected texts are numbered harmonizing to the cave that they came out of. They have been called the greatest manuscript find of modern times. Merely Caves 1 and 11 have produced comparatively integral manuscripts. Discovered in 1952, Cave 4 produced the largest discovery. About 15,000 fragments from more than 500 manuscripts were found. In all, bookmans have identified the remains of approximately 825 to 870 separate scrolls.The Scrolls can be divided into two classs & # 8211 ; scriptural and non-biblical. Fragments of every book of the Hebrew canon ( Old Testament ) have been discovered except for the book of Esther.

There are now identified among the coils, 19 transcripts of the Book of Isaiah, 25 transcripts of Deuteronomy and 30 transcripts of the Psalms. Prophecies by Ezekiel, Jeremiah and Daniel non found in the Bible are written in the Scrolls.The Isaiah Scroll, found comparatively integral, is 1000 old ages older than any antecedently known transcript of Isaiah. In fact, the coils are the oldest group of Old Testament manuscripts of all time found. In the Scrolls are found ne’er earlier seen Psalmss attributed to King David and

Joshua.There are no scriptural Hagiographas along the order of commentaries on the OT, paraphrases that expand on the Law, rulebooks of the community, war behavior, thanksgiving Psalmss, hymnic composings, blessings, liturgical texts, and septennial ( wisdom ) Hagiographas.

The Scrolls are for the most portion, written in Hebrew, but there are many written in Aramaic. Aramaic was the common linguistic communication of the Jews of Palestine for the last two centuries B.C. and of the first two centuries A.D. The find of the Scrolls has greatly enhanced our cognition of these two linguistic communications. In add-on, there are a few texts written in Greek. The Scrolls appear to be the library of a Judaic religious order. The library was hidden off in caves around the eruption of the First Jewish Revolt ( A.D. 66-70 ) as the Roman ground forces advanced against the rebel Jews. Near the caves are the ancient ruins of Qumran. They were excavated in the early 1950 & # 8217 ; s and look to be connected with the coils. The Dead Sea Scrolls were most likely written by the Essenes during the period from about 200 B.C. to 68 C.E./A.D. The Essenes are mentioned by Josephus and in a few other beginnings, but non in the New Testament. The Essenes were a rigorous Torah observant, Messianic, revelatory, Baptist, wilderness, new compact Judaic religious order. A priest they called the Teacher of Righteousness, who was opposed and perchance killed by the constitution priesthood in Jerusalem, led them.

The enemies of the Qumran community were called the & # 8220 ; Sons of Darkness & # 8221 ; ; they called themselves the & # 8220 ; Sons of Light, & # 8221 ; & # 8220 ; the hapless, & # 8221 ; and members of & # 8220 ; the Way. & # 8221 ; They thought of themselves as & # 8220 ; the sanctum 1s, & # 8221 ; who lived in & # 8220 ; the house of sanctity, & # 8221 ; because & # 8220 ; the Holy Spirit & # 8221 ; dwelt with them. The last words of Joseph, Judah, Levi, Naphtali, and Amram ( the male parent of Moses ) are written down in the Scrolls. One of the most funny coils is the Copper Scroll. Discovered in Cave 3, this coil records a list of 64 belowground concealment topographic points throughout the land of Israel. The sedimentations are to incorporate certain sums of gold, Ag, aromatics, and manuscripts. These are believed to be hoarded wealths from the Temple at Jerusalem, which were hidden off for safekeeping. The Temple Scroll, found in Cave 11, is the longest coil. Its present entire length is 26.7 pess ( 8.148 metres ) . The overall length of the coil must hold been over 28 pess ( 8.75m ) . The coils contain antecedently unknown narratives about scriptural figures such as Enoch, Abraham, and Noah. The narrative of Abraham includes an account why God asked Abraham to give his lone boy Issac.

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