Lifestyle Sustainability And The Environment Essay Research

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Table of Contentss

Introduction 3

The Issue 3

Why It Is Important 6

Parties Involved 8

Recommendations and Solutions 9

Decision 11

Lifestyle Sustainability Handout 12

Mentions 13

Lifestyle Sustainability

In a perfect ecosystem everything gives and takes every bit, and the rhythm of life is sustained perpetually. Our current life style is non environmentally sustainable. We consume more and more of the Earth & # 8217 ; s resources and give really small, if any, in return. The Brundtland Commission defines lifestyle sustainability as being development that & # 8220 ; seeks to run into the demands and aspirations of the present without compromising the ability to run into those of the future. & # 8221 ; Many factors are lending to how humankind uses the Earth & # 8217 ; s resources and how humankind views the end of sustainability. Public sentiment, authorities intercession, and makers seem to hold the largest influence in finding how the Earth & # 8217 ; s resources are used. In order to make a sustainable society, all of these factors must work in concurrence with one another in the use of engineering and resources to see that the same resources will be available to future coevalss.

The Issue

Mankind has ever sought to command its environment. While most species must cover with the universe as it is, adult male has the ability and the desire to alter and accommodate the environment to accommodate its demands. If it & # 8217 ; s excessively hot, so a manner must be found to be cool. If there isn & # 8217 ; t adequate shelter, it must be built. If there isn & # 8217 ; t adequate nutrient, it is produced. If there are other animals that are regarded as plagues, they are eliminated. Many of the attempts to command these environmental factors are made at the disbursal of destructing the biosphere upon which world depends.

Every individual on Earth puts a strain on the biosphere and the Earth & # 8217 ; s population is increasing exponentially. Scientists predict that by the twelvemonth 2050 world will exceed 10 Billion people. & # 8220 ; Vital Resources are stressed by the double demands of increasing population and increasing ingestion per individual. Around the universe we see groundwater supplies being depleted, agricultural dirts being degraded, oceans being over-fished, oil militias being drawn down, and woods being cut faster than they can re-grow, & # 8221 ; ( Nebel and Wright, 2000, p. 6 ) .

The largest per centum of the universe & # 8217 ; s population lives in developing states. These developing states oftentimes have non established environmental controls in their fabrication and farming techniques. For illustration, the usage of DDT, long since banned for usage in the United States, still sees widespread usage in many developing States. The usage of DDT is unsafe non merely to insects, but besides to the full nutrient concatenation, of which adult male is inescapably a portion.

This is non to state that developed states are non fouling. In fact, many times it is the developed states that are working the environment deliberately for personal or commercial addition. The U.S. , for illustration, is the universe & # 8217 ; s figure one manufacturer of refuse and industrial waste. & # 8220 ; The 6 % of the universe & # 8217 ; s population life in the U.S. uses an estimated 25 to 50 % of the universe & # 8217 ; s unrenewable resources and produces approximately 15 to 40 % of the universe & # 8217 ; s waste. ( Sustainable America, 1996:143 )

Despite the fact that most states do hold restraints and bounds set for pollution, they are still a long manner from being environmentally friendly. Pollution comes in many signifiers: air, H2O, and land. Air and H2O resources can and should be considered planetary resources. The abuse of these is non localized due to the unstable nature of air and H2O which are invariably go arounding and impacting non merely the manufacturer of the pollution, but besides its planetary neighbours.

While making these pollutants, many times there is besides a negative impact on sustainability in that there is a ingestion of non-renewable resources, such as fossil fuels. The current tendency of urban conurbation is doing the Earth & # 8217 ; s resources to be used at an unsustainable rate while besides lending to pollution. Urban conurbation is & # 8220 ; the rapid enlargement of metropolitan countries through edifice lodging developments and shopping centres farther and farther from urban centres and intertwining them together with more and more major main roads. Widespread development that has occurred without any overall land-use plan. & # 8220 ; ( Nebel and Wright, 2000, p. 648 ) . Given that urbanisation causes a loss of home ground, air pollution, land pollution, H2O pollution and a drain on non-renewable resources it is one of the largest menaces to sustainability. If the tendency is non reversed, the rhythm that occurred with the gas deficit in the United States in the mid-1970 & # 8217 ; s will re-occur worldwide. The universe & # 8217 ; s resources will non run into with ever-increasing demand imposed by disbursed and turning population. This will take to a state of affairs more terrible than a gas deficit ; there could be a planetary repetition of Easter Island.

Why It Is Important

The end of lifestyle sustainability is to cut down the usage of resources to a degree where they can renew faster than they are consumed, and to conserve the biodiversity of those resources. Future coevalss will depend on the Earth to supply for their basic demands and desires, merely as current coevalss do. If the current tendency of environmental devastation continues, future coevalss will happen themselves unable to supply for basic demands and many signifiers of life could go nonextant.

Biodiversity is of import for many grounds. Approximately 1.75 million species of workss, animate beings, and bugs have been examined, named, and classified, but scientists estimate that between 4 million and 112 million species have non been consistently explored. & # 8221 ; ( Nebel and Wright, 2000, p. 260 ) World has found many ways to utilize these catalogued and categorised species for medicative intents. However, if biodiversity is non maintained, non merely could bring around for many diseases go undiscovered, there could be the loss of the handiness of resources to back up presently bing medical specialties.

The environment and the universe & # 8217 ; s resources are non merely of import to mankind in the regard that they provide the agencies by which adult male is able to last, but they are besides of import to the workings of the planetary society. Gilberto C. Gallopin and Paul Raskin explored 6 scenarios that could stand for the hereafter of society when natural resources been exhausted. Gilberto C. Gallopin is manager of the Systems for Sustainable Development Program at the Stockholm Environment Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. Paul Raskin is Director of the Boston, Massachusetts, centre of the Stockholm Environment Institute and president of the Tellus Institute in Boston. Gallopin and Raskin explore a broad scope of long-run scenarios that could blossom from the forces that will drive the universe societal and economic systems in the twenty-first century. The two most graphic scenarios depict a universe in which there becomes a widening separation between the fantastically rich and the awfully hapless due to a terrible diminution in planetary economic stableness. The instability is caused by a deficiency of resources and an inability for makers to market their merchandises due to production costs. The rich Begin to carry resources while mandating that less fortunate preserve and unrecorded in comparative poorness. Fewer and fewer occupations are created, go forthing many unemployed, including the well educated. Smaller authoritiess begin to prostration and disbursed and disconnected city states begin to organize. The promotion of engineering is halted and the industry of current engineering is greatly diminished. The rich become more and more fearful of the younger coevalss of provincials. The younger coevalss begin to experience that they are awkward to command their ain fiscal fate and see the spread merely widening between their criterion of life and that of the privileged. Finally, social constructions deteriorate and leave behind a disbanded human race.

While this scenario reads like a scientific discipline fiction novel, these effects could go a world if world is unable to decently conserve the Earth & # 8217 ; s resources. Conservation plans need to be implemented and society & # 8217 ; s attack to the environment must go proactive in cut downing the strain that modern civilisation has on the biosphere.

Parties Involved

& # 8220 ; If current degrees of ingestion and production continue, efficiency in the usage of all resources would hold to increase by more than 50 % in the following four to five decennaries merely to maintain gait with the population growth. & # 8221 ; ( Sustainable America, 1996:143 ) Technology is already doing huge advancement towards the end of

a more efficient society, though the general population and makers have non readily accepted the execution of such engineerings. The current U.S. economic system “is less than 10 per centum every bit energy-efficient as the Torahs of natural philosophies license, ” ( Sustainable America, 1996:143 ) Many of these engineerings have yet to be implemented in modern fabrication. Much of this is due to the deficiency of strong support from authoritiess around the universe.

& # 8220 ; We must utilize as much environmentally friendly engineering as we can in our universe. Unfortunately, over the class of this century, the U.S. authorities intervened in the economic system to advance ecologically inefficient and destructive economic patterns. While giving a pittance to the development of solar and wind power, the authorities sank about $ 100 billion of subsidies into atomic power between 1950 and 1990. Similarly, the authorities lavished financess upon the Highway Trust Fund and created the interstate main road system while leting public theodolite of all types to disintegrate. To this twenty-four hours, over 80 % of federal transit disbursement supports automobile-related substructure, go forthing less than 20 % for mass theodolite. Such disbursement forms, along with extra subsidies like revenue enhancement write-downs for place mortgages, aid bring forth suburban conurbation ( and thereby worsen the ecological harm caused by autos ) . At the same clip, regulators frequently tackle jobs at the & # 8220 ; terminal of the pipe & # 8221 ; alternatively of seeking to alter the productive processes themselves. ( Williamson, T. , 1999 )

Recommendations and Solutions

& # 8220 ; Not even the present universe population of 5.8 billion people-let entirely the 10 billion expected by 2050-can hope to accomplish North America & # 8217 ; s material criterion of life without destructing the ecosphere and precipitating their ain prostration. The lone option, if we continue to take a firm stand on economic growing as our major instrument of societal policy, is to develop engineerings that can supply the same degrees of service with six to 12 times less energy and stuff & # 8221 ; ( Wackernagel and Rees, 1996:90-91 ) .

We now live in a universe where the desire for ownerships and services drives the planetary economic system. It is improbable that the mercenary ends of modern society will alter in a mode drastic plenty to alter the manner in which world interfaces with the universe. In order to keep the convenience-rich life style, to which much of the modern universe has become accustomed, our trust on efficient engineering must take precedency over the impermanent addition in the cost of production.

As theorized by the EPA in their 1996 survey of pollution and pollution control, non merely may pollution control non be a important load to the economic system, but in the long tally, it could really better the economic system. & # 8220 ; The determination is overpowering. The benefits far exceed the costs of the Clean Air Act in the first 20 old ages, & # 8221 ; ( Morgenstern, R. , 1996 ) . The Clean Air Act to which Mr. Morgenstern referred was the footing of the 1996 EPA survey. In 1970 the Clean Air Act was implemented and many environmental controls were imposed on fabrication workss. In merely 20 old ages, from 1970 to 1990, $ 436 billion was spent in conforming to the new ordinances ; nevertheless, the net benefit of the Act was $ 6.8 trillion. ( Nebel and Wright, 2000, p. 549 ) . The net nest eggs take into history the & # 8220 ; avoided costs & # 8221 ; of improved human wellness, less harm by acerb rain, less environmental clean-up, and preservation of fossil fuels.

The U.S. Government has been unwilling to set restraints on fabrication and vehicular pollutants, while concealing behind the alibi that it could smother the economic system. While there may be some impermanent emphasis put on consumers and makers by more rigorous pollution limitations, the long-run benefits will far outweigh the effects. It has been proven that there are existent nest eggs to be seen by implementing more efficient fabrication procedures and the creative activity of occupations in the field of resource preservation.

The engineering is available and some ordinances are already in the jurisprudence books, but authorities and public support must be present to implement these Torahs and implement the engineering. For illustration, the State of California & # 8217 ; s Air Restriction Board passed statute law saying that all major makers wishing to sell autos in California would necessitate to sell a & # 8220 ; important & # 8221 ; figure of Zero Emissions Vehicles in order to do a market in the province. Though this may look to be rigorous authorization, its enforcement has been less than noteworthy. Even its diction, & # 8220 ; important & # 8221 ; , leads to dreamy reading and is hard to implement. The engineering has been developed and is available to make commuter vehicles that produce really few harmful emanations and have a really minimum impact on non-renewable resources.

The mean American place is merely approximately half every bit efficient as current engineering could do it. Large contraptions, such as the icebox, deep-freeze, air conditioner, and furnace could be made to utilize less than 35 % of the power as compared to their current power drainage. Insulating techniques can conserve an extra 5 to 10 % in warming and chilling costs. Again, the engineering is available, but both society and authorities must be committed to its execution and development.


The current degrees of ingestion presently being maintained by worlds do non let for a continued sustainability of society and the environment. If world does non alter the manner in which it relies on resources, the Earth will finally go uninhabitable. However, mankind has the chance and the foresight to alter its behaviour to forestall this. A sustainable hereafter is really possible, even without a great lessening in the comfortss that the current planetary society enjoys and adult male & # 8217 ; s being on Earth could be sustained perpetually. The make up one’s minding factor in adult male & # 8217 ; s ability to coexist within the Earth & # 8217 ; s biosphere will be in how a planetary society & # 8217 ; s precedences can be changed to set the environment in front of its corporate pocketbook.

Lifestyle Sustainability

Individual non-sustainable patterns Ways in which persons can conserve

Water Water

& # 183 ; Running H2O while brushing dentitions Turn off H2O until needed

& # 183 ; Taking baths everyday Stagger yearss or shower alternatively

& # 183 ; Runing dishwasher half full Merely run with full tonss

& # 183 ; Hand-washing dishes w/ full sink of H2O Merely fill drop half full

& # 183 ; Runing rinsing machine w/ little loads Merely run full tonss of wash

& # 183 ; Watering lawn every twenty-four hours Merely H2O every 3rd twenty-four hours

& # 183 ; Watering lawn during twenty-four hours Water at dark

Soil Soil

& # 183 ; Un-landscaped lawn Landscape ; add shrubs on belongings

line to avoid eroding ; usage terracing

Waste Waste

& # 183 ; Trashing all waste produced Recycle glass, paper, plastic & A ;

aluminium ; construct a compost pile

& # 183 ; Changing auto oil Take to O.K. site to dispose

& # 183 ; Old tins of pigment Take to O.K. site to dispose

Air Air

& # 183 ; Air conditioning units Check annually for proper operation

& # 183 ; Heaters Check annually for proper operation

& # 183 ; Aerosol tins Use merchandises that do non hold CFC & # 8217 ; s

& # 183 ; Cars/Trucks Properly emanation to air criterions ;

Use mass theodolite ; Do non purchase vehicles known to foul more

& # 183 ; Cigarette smoke Stop smoke

Energy Energy

& # 183 ; Leaving visible radiations running Turn visible radiations off during twenty-four hours

& # 183 ; Outside visible radiations on all dark Use gesture activated security visible radiations

& # 183 ; Heat left on all twenty-four hours Customize thermoregulator to turn heat off

during daylight

& # 183 ; Air conditioner on all twenty-four hours Turn off air conditioner during twenty-four hours

& # 183 ; Use of warmer for heat demands Use solar panels to assist cut down

energy drain for heat demands

& # 183 ; Loss of heat through doors/windows Install new door/window frames & A ;

insulate all exterior walls and Attic



Nebel, B.J. , & A ; Wright, R.T ( 2000 ) Environmental Sciences ( 7th Ed. ) New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Williamson, T. ( 1999 ) What a Sustainable Economy Looks Like, Dollars & A ; Sense: Somerville

Gallopin, G. , & A ; Raskin, P. ( 1998 ) Windows on the Future: Global Scenarios and Sustainability, Environment: Washington

Nieymeyer, S. , & A ; Francis, C. ( 2000 ) Beyond Green: From Issues to Enterprises, Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences: Alexandria

Meister, M. , & A ; Japp, P. ( 1998 ) Sustainable Development and the Global Economy: Rhetorical Deductions for Bettering the Quality of Life, Communication Research: Beverly Hills

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